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Friday, June 28, 2013

Belajar Structure and Written Expression untuk TOEFL Test

Belajar Structure and Written Expression untuk TOEFL Test
Belajar Structure and Written Expression untuk TOEFL Test

Salah satu topik yang bisa Anda pelajari dalam website Pusat TOEFL yaitu Structure and Written Expression. Structure and Written Expression merupakan salah satu dari tiga section (sesi) yang diujikan dalam TOEFL Test (tes TOEFL) berbentuk PBT (Paper-Based Test). TOEFL Test saat ini mengakomodasi dua jenis tes: iBT (internet-Based Test) dan PBT.

Seperti soal-soal section lainnya (Listening dan Reading), soal dari Structure and Written Expression berbentuk multiple choice (pilihan ganda). Structure and Written Expression section menguji kemampuan Anda dalam mengenal kalimat-kalimat bahasa Inggris secara benar berdasarkan standar grammar yang formal. Anda mesti melengkapi kalimat dan menemukan error (kesalahan) dalam kalimat. 

Umumnya Structure and Written Expression section terdiri dari 40 soal. Anda mempunyai 25 menit untuk menjawab ke 40 soal dalam sesi ini. 

Dalam Structure and Written Expression section terdapat dua bentuk pertanyaan. Pertama yaitu structure yang terdiri dari 15 butir soal (1-15). Lihat contoh di bawah.

1. Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes _______ they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth's surface.
(A) due to
(B) because
(C) in spite of
(D) regardless of
Kalimat ini seharusnya, "Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes because they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth's surface." Olehnya Anda harus memilih jawaban B.

2. During the early period of ocean navigation, ________ any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques.

(A) so that hardly
(B) where there hardly was
(C) hardly was
(D) there was hardly
Kalimat ini seharusnya, "During the early period of ocean navigation, there was hardly any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques." Olehnya Anda harus memilih jawaban D.

Bentuk ke dua yaitu written expression. Bentuk soal ini terdiri dari 25 soal (16-40). Lihat contoh soal:
gambar contoh menjawab sesi ke dua toefl structure
Untuk membantu Anda menguasai dan menjawab soal-soal Structure and Written Expression Section dengan baik, kami telah menyusun silabus pelajaran yang akan Anda temukan dalam website Pusat TOEFL. Di bawah ini topik-topik yang akan kami posting satu per satu dalam menu Belajar Structure and Written Expression untuk TOEFL Test.

Kritik, saran, dan komen Anda dalam bentuk apapun akan sangat bermanfaat bagi perkembangan website tempat belajar TOEFL gratis ini, yang insya Allah kami harapkan dapat menambah pundi-pundi amal bagi pihak kami dalam menjalankan tugas sebagai pengajar bahasa Inggris.

About Structure and Written Expression Section of the TOEFL Test

PRE-TEST

The Structure Questions

Sentences with One Clause:

Sentences with Multiple Clauses
Skill  8: Use other adverbs connectors correctly
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


More sentences with multiple clauses
Skill 9: Use noun clauses connectors correctly
Skill 10: Use noun clause connector/subjects correctly
Skill 11: Use adjective clause connectors correctly
Skill 12: Use adjective clause connector / subjects correctly
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Sentences with Reduced Clauses:
Skill 13: Use reduced adjective clauses correctly
Skill 14: Use reduced adverb clauses correctly
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Sentences with Inverted Subjects and Verbs:
Skill 15: Invert the subject and verb with question words
Skill 16: Invert the subject and verb with place expressions
Skill 17: Invert the subject and verb with negatives
Skill 18: Invert the subject and verb with conditionals
Skill 19: Invert the subject and verb with comparisons
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Problems with subject/verb Agreement:
Skill 20: Make verbs agree after prepositional phrases
Skill 21: Make verbs agree after expressions of quantity
Skill 22: Make inverted verbs agree
Skill 23: Make verbs agree after certain words
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Problems with Parallel Structure:
Skill 24: Use parallel structure with coordinate conjunctions
Skill 25: Use parallel structure with paired conjunctions
Skill 26: Use parallel structure with comparisons
Problems with Comparatives and Superlatives:
Skill 27: From comparatives and superlatives correctly
Skill 28: Use comparatives and superlatives correctly
Skill 29: Use the irregular-er, -er structure correctly
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Problem with the from of the verb:
Skill 30: After have, use the past participle
Skill 31: After be; use the present participle or the past participle
Skill 32: After will, would or other modals use the base form of the verb
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Problems with the Use of the Verb:
Skill 33: Know when to use the past with the present
Skill 34: Use have and had correctly
Skill 35: Use the correct tense with time expressions
Skill 36: Use the correct tense with will and would
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Problem with Passive Verbs:
Skill 37: Use the correct form of the passive
Skill 38: Recognize active and passive meaning
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Problem with Nouns:
Skill 39: Use the correct singular or plural noun
Skill 40: Distinguish countable and uncountable nouns
Skill 41: Recognize irregular plurals of nouns
Skill 42: Distinguish the person from the thing
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Problems with pronouns:
Skill 43: Distinguish subject and object pronouns
Skill 44: Distinguish possessive adjectives and pronouns
Skill 45: Check pronoun reference for agreement
Skill 46: Use basic adjectives and adverbs correctly
Skill 47: Use adjectives after linking verbs
Skill 48: Position adjectives and adverbs correctly
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


More Problems with Adjectives:
Skill 49: Recognize –ly adjectives
Skill 50: Use predicate adjectives correctly
Skill 51: Use –ed and –ing adjectives correctly
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Problems with Articles:
Skill 52: Use articles with singular nouns
Skill 53: Distinguish a and an
Skill 54: Make articles agree with nouns
Skill 55: Distinguish specific and general ideas
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Problems with Prepositions:
Skill 56: Recognize incorrect prepositions
Skill 57: Recognize when prepositions have been omitted
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)


Problems with Usage:
Skill 58: Distinguish make and do
Skill 59: Distinguish like, alike, unlike and dislike
Skill 60: Distinguish other, another and others
EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL EXERCISE (Skills 1-5)
TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-8)

POST-TEST

Referensi utama: Longman Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test


*note: istilah-istilah berbahasa Inggris tidak kami miringkan (italic) mengingat kerapian tulisan.

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2 comments:

nancy john said...

good information

TOEFL iBT Essay

mohammadabdul adim said...

untuk skill 8 sampai akhir masih belum ada pembahasannya ta kak?
perlu banget ini kak...

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