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Sunday, June 2, 2013

Tips Menjawab Soal TOEFL (Listening Skill 2)

Tips Menjawab Soal TOEFL (Listening Skill 2)

Tips Menjawab Soal Listening TOEFL Skill 2

Skill 2: Choose Answers with Synonyms (Pilih jawaban bersinonim)

Often the correct answer in a short dialogue is an answer that contains synonyms (word with similar meaning but different sounds) for key words in the conversations.
Seringkali jawaban benar di listening Part A merupakan jawaban berbentuk sinonim (beda kata tapi ide sama) dari kata-kata kunci di percakapan (sering terletak di baris ke dua, lihat skill 1 untuk mempelajari ini terlebih dahulu).
contoh gambar soal toefl listening
In this dialogue, the key word started means began, and the key word working refers to job. The best answer to this question is therefore answer (B). 


Dalam percakapan di atas kata kunci started sinonim dengan began, dan kata kuci working sinonim dengan job. Jadi, pilihan paling benar adalah jawaban (B).

The following chart outlines a very important strategy for short dialogues: 
Bagan di bawah ini menampilkan strategi yang sangat penting terhadap dialog-dialog pendek:
Strategi untuk skill 2 Choose Answers with Synonyms

Strategi untuk skill 2 Choose Answers with Synonyms

1. Ketika sedang mendengar baris ke dua dari percakapan, fokus pada kata-kata kunci pada baris tersebut.
2. Jika Anda melihat ada sinonim dari kata-kata kunci di baris ke dua percakapan di pilihan jawaban , kemungkinan besar itulah jawaban yang tepat.

EXERCISE 2: In this exercise, underline key words in the last line of each short dialogue. Then underline synonyms for these key words in the answers, and choose the best answer to each question. Remember that the best answer is probably the answer that contains synonyms for the key words in the last line of the dialogue.

1.
(woman) Did you see the manager about the job in the bookstore? 
(man) Yes, and I also had to fill out an application. 
(narrator) What does the man mean? 

(A) He got a job as bookstore manager.
(B) The bookstore was not accepting applications.
(C) He saw a book about how to apply for jobs.
(D) It was necessary to complete a form.

2.
(man) We’re planning to leave for the trip at about 2:00.
(woman) Couldn’t we leave before noon?
(narrator) What does the woman ask?

(A) If they could leave at noon.
(B) If it is possible to go by 12:00.
(C) Why they can’t leave at noon.
(D) If they could leave the room.

3. 
(man) Was the concert well received? 
(woman) The audience applauded for a long time after the performance. 
(narrator) What does the woman say about the concert? 

(A) The performance went on for a long time.
(B) There was applause throughout the performance.
(C) The people clapped on and on after the concert.
(D) The audience waited for a long time for the concert to begin.

TOEFL EXERCISE: TOEFL EXERCISE 2: In this exercise, listen carefully to each short dialogue and question on the recording, and then choose the best answer to the question. You should look for synonyms for key words in the last line.

Click the audio below for the listening recording (the audio).




1.
(A) The final exam was harder than the others.
(B) There were two exams rather than one.
(C) He thought the exam would be easier.
(D) The exam was not very difficult.


2.
(A) He’s not feeling very well.
(B) He’s rather sick of working.
(C) He’s feeling better today than yesterday.
(D) He’d really rather not answer the question.

3.
(A) The company was founded about a year ago.
(B) It was just established that he could go into business.
(C) The family is well-established.
(D) The business only lasted a year.

4.
(A) He did not look at the right schedule.
(B) The plane landed in the right place.
(C) The plane arrived on time.
(D) He had to wait for the plane to land.

5.
(A) She’d rather go running.
(B) She doesn’t want to go into the pool.
(C) She’ll change clothes quickly and go swimming.
(D) She needs a sweat suit to go running.

6.
(A) The firefighters saved the homes for last.
(B) A firefighter saved the hillside last night.
(C) The homes on the hillside were burned.
(D) The houses weren’t destroyed.

7.
(A) There’s enough soup.
(B) The spices are adequate.
(C) She thinks the soup’s too salty.
(D) The man should add more salt and pepper.

8.
(A) He was lucky to receive a grant for his studies.
(B) He used his fortune to pay his fees.
(C) He is a scholar at a college with low fees.
(D) He paid to get a scholarship.

9.
(A) It profited from previous mistakes.
(B) It earned a lot of money.
(C) This was the last year that it would make a profit.
(D) It was not so successful.

10.
(A) Chuck’s bank account has too much money in it.
(B) He thinks Chuck has the wrong kind of bank account.
(C) He thinks that Chuck is on his way home from the bank.
(D) There isn’t enough money in Chuck’s account.

Kunci Jawaban dan recording script / skrip rekaman dari tips menjawab soal listening TOEFL skill 2:

EXERCISE 2
1. (D) It was necessary to complete a form.
2. (B) If it is possible to go by 12:00. 
3. (C) The people clapped on and on after the concert. 

TOEFL EXERCISE 2

1.
(woman) What did you think of the final exam in algebra?
(man) It was too easy!
(narrator) What does the man mean?  

(A) The final exam was harder than the others.
(B) There were two exams rather than one.
(C) He thought the exam would be easier.
(D) The exam was not very difficult.

2.
(woman) How are feeling today?
(man) I'm really feeling rather sick
(narrator) How is the man feeling?

(A) He’s not feeling very well.
(B) He’s rather sick of working.
(C) He’s feeling better today than yesterday.
(D) He’d really rather not answer the question.
3.
(man) Has your family been in business for quite some time?
(woman) No, the family business was just established last year
(narrator) What does the woman say about the family business?

(A) The company was founded about a year ago.
(B) It was just established that he could go into business.
(C) The family is well-established.
(D) The business only lasted a year.
4.
(woman) Did you have to wait at the airport for a long time?
(man) No, the plane landed right on schedule
(narrator) What does the man mean?

(A) He did not look at the right schedule.
(B) The plane landed in the right place.
(C) The plane arrived on time.
(D) He had to wait for the plane to land.
5.
(man) Do you want to join me in the pool?
(woman) Oh, I'll just run and put my suit on
(narrator) What does the woman imply?

(A) She’d rather go running.
(B) She doesn’t want to go into the pool.
(C) She’ll change clothes quickly and go swimming.
(D) She needs a sweat suit to go running.
6.
(man) Last night's fire burned the entire hillside?
(woman) At least the homes were saved
(narrator) What does the woman mean?

(A) The firefighters saved the homes for last.
(B) A firefighter saved the hillside last night.
(C) The homes on the hillside were burned.
(D) The houses weren’t destroyed.
7.
(man) Should I add more salt and pepper to the soup?
(woman) No, I think there's enough
(narrator) What does the woman mean?

(A) There’s enough soup.
(B) The spices are adequate.
(C) She thinks the soup’s too salty.
(D) The man should add more salt and pepper.
8.
(man) How are you able to pay your college fees?
(woman) I was fortunate to get a scholarship
(narrator) What does the man mean?

(A) He was lucky to receive a grant for his studies.
(B) He used his fortune to pay his fees.
(C) He is a scholar at a college with low fees.
(D) He paid to get a scholarship.
9.
(man) How succesful was the corporation last year?
(woman) It made quite a big profit.
(narrator) What does the woman say about the corporation?

(A) It profited from previous mistakes.
(B) It earned a lot of money.
(C) This was the last year that it would make a profit.
(D) It was not so successful.
10.
(man) Chuck is on his way to the bank now, isn't he?
(woman) Yes, he is. He thinks his bank account is overdrawn.
(narrator) What does the man mean?

(A) Chuck’s bank account has too much money in it.
(B) He thinks Chuck has the wrong kind of bank account.
(C) He thinks that Chuck is on his way home from the bank.
(D) There isn’t enough money in Chuck’s account.

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