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Monday, September 29, 2014

Pengertian, Jenis, dan Contoh Verb Phrase

Pengertian, Jenis, dan Contoh Verb Phrase
Pengertian, Jenis, dan Contoh Verb Phrase
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Phrasal Verb atau Verb Phrase (VP) merupakan  sebuah frasa dalam bahasa Inggris yang terdiri dari 1 verb (minimal ) yang diikuti oleh object, complement, atau modifier lainnya. VP mirip dengan istilah predicate (predikat) yang lebih umum dikenal.
Semoga Pengertian, Jenis, dan Contoh Verb Phrase berikut dapat memberi manfaat.

Contoh:
A fat man put the jewels quickly in the box.
Yankee batters hit the ball well enough to win their first World Series since 2000.
Mary saw the man through the window.
David gave Mary a book.
John has finished the work.
John has finished the work. [kurang umum]
They do not want to try that.
They do not want to try that. [kurang umum]
They do not want to try that. [kurang umum]

Ada yang mendifinisikan verb phrase lebih sempit.
Verb phrase kadang dipahami lebih sempit dengan terbatas hanya terdiri dari 1 kata kerja utama dengan auxiliary (Do, Be, Have, Modal) + Infinitive dan Participle.
Contoh:
John has given Mary a book.
The picnickers were being eaten alive by mosquitos.
She kept screaming like a football maniac.
Thou shalt not kill.

Phrasal Verbs yang lebih umum dikenal
Verb phrase yang umum dibahas ialah kombinasi antara verb dan preposition (kata depan) atau adverb atau ke dua-duanya.
Contoh: Look after, work out, make up for, put something down, take something off, sit down, wake up, hang up, set off, run away, dan lain-lain.

Perhatikan:
- I ran into an old friend. – into merupakan preposition
- She takes after her mother. – after merupakan preposition
- They brought that up twice. – up merupakan adverb, bukan preposition.
- You should think it over. – over merupakan  adverb, bukan preposition.
- No amount of money can make up for the death of a child. – up (adverb), for (preposition)

Main references:
Wikipedia
Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

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