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Wednesday, March 19, 2014

Soal TOEFL dan Kunci Jawaban -Reading+Frank Lloyd Wright

Soal TOEFL dan Kunci Jawaban:  Frank Lloyd Wright

A distinctively American architecture began with Frank Lloyd Wright, who had taken to heart the admonition that form should follow function, and who thought of buildings not as separate architectural entities but as parts of an organic whole that included the land, the community, and the society. In a very real way the houses of colonial New England and some of the southern plantations had been functional, but Wright was the first architect to make functionalism the authoritative principle for public as well as for domestic buildings. As early as 1906 he built the Unity Temple in Oak Park, Illinois, the first of those churches that did so much to revolutionize ecclesiastical architecture in the United States. Thereafter he turned his genius to such miscellaneous structures as houses, schools, office buildings, and factories, among them the famous Larkin Building in Buffalo, New York, and the Johnson Wax Company Building in Racine, Wisconsin.

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
(A) The architecture of public buildings
(B) An architectural pioneer
(C) New England architecture
(D) principles of architecture

2. The phrase “taken to heart” in lines 1-2 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
(A) Taken seriously
(B) Criticized
(C) Memorized
(D) Taken offence

3. The word “admonition” in line 2 is closest in meaning to
(A) monition
(B) support
(C) discussion
(D) consideration

4. The word “entities” in line 3 is closest in meaning to
(A) principles
(B) existences
(C) subtractions
(D) properties

5. In what way did Wright's public buildings differ from most of those built by earlier architects?
(A) They were built on a larger scale.
(B) Their materials came from the southern United States.
(C) They looked more like private homes.
(D) Their designs were based on how they would be used.

6. The author mentions the Unity Temple because it
(A) was Wright's first building
(B) influenced the architecture of subsequent churches
(C) demonstrated traditional ecclesiastical architecture
(D) was the largest church Wright ever designed

7. Which of the following statements best reflects one of Frank Lloyd Wright's architectural principles?
(A) Beautiful design is more important than utility.
(B) Ecclesiastical architecture should be derived from traditional designs.
(C) A building should fit into its surroundings.
(D) The architecture of public buildings does not need to be revolutionary.

8. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a type of structure Frank Lloyd Wright made ?
(A) houses
(B) factories
(C) southern plantations
(D) churches

Kunci Jawaban

1. B 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. D 6. B 7. C 8. C

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