Wednesday, July 3, 2013

Tips Menjawab Soal TOEFL (Listening Skill 3)

Tips Menjawab Soal TOEFL (Listening Skill 3)

Tips Menjawab Soal TOEFL (Listening Skill 3)

Skill 7: Listen for Negative Expressions (Perhatikan Ungkapan-ungkapan Kalimat Negatif)

Negative expressions are very common in Listening part A, and the most common kind of correct response to a negative statement is a positive statement containing a word with an opposite meaning.
Ungkapan kalimat negatif sangat umum ditemukan dalam Listening Part A, dan bentuk ungkapan yang paling tepat untuk merespon bentuk ekpresi kalimat negatif seperti ini yaitu kalimat positif yang mengandung sebuah kata yang mempunyai arti berlawanan.


Example

On the recording, you hear:
(man) How did they get to their grandmother’s house in Maine in only five hours?
(woman) They didn't drive slowly on the trip to Maine.
(narrator) What does the woman say about the trip?

In your test book, you read:
(A)   They drove rather quickly.
(B)   They couldn't have driven more slowly.
(C)   They wanted to travel slowly to Maine.
(D)   They didn't drive to Maine.

The correct answer is answer (A). If they did not drive slowly to Maine, this means that they drove rather quickly. Notice that the correct answer uses quickly, the opposite of slowly. The answers that use slowly are not correct.
Jawaban yang tepat yaitu jawaban (A). Kalimat di atas mengatakan mereka tidak berkendara dengan pelan-pelan (slowly) itu berarti mereka berkendara dengan cepat (quickly). Quickly merupakan lawan dari slowly.

The following chart outlines the types of negative expressions that you should be careful of:
Chart di bawah ini menampilkan bentuk ungkapan-ungkapan negatif yang perlu Anda perhatikan:
TYPES OF NEGATIVE EXPRESSIONS
Expression
Example
Correct Answer
Regular negative: not or n’t
Tom is not sad about the results.
not sad = happy
Other negatives: nobody, none, nothing, never
Nobody arrived on time.Sal never works hard.
nobody …. on time = latenever works hard = lazy
Negative prefixes: un-, in-, dis-
The patient was insane.
insane = not sane = crazy

EXERCISE 7: In this exercise, underline the negative in the second line of each short conversation. Then read the question and choose the best answer to that question. Remember that the best answer is one that uses an opposite meaning. (Ingat bahwa jawaban yang tepat yaitu yang mempunyai makna berlawanan)
1.
(man)         :I can’t seem to get the door unlocked.
(woman)    :That isn’t the right key for the door.
(narrator)    :What does the woman mean?
(A)   The key in the drawer is on the right.
(B)   The man should write the message on the door.
(C)   The man has the wrong key.
(D)   The right key isn’t in the drawer.

2.
(man)         :Were you pleased with last week’s convention?
(woman)     :Nothing went as planned.
(narrator)    :What does the woman mean?
(A)   The convention was disorganized.
(B)   She didn’t plan to attend the convention.
(C)   She planned the convention last week.
(D)   She wasn’t pleased with the last week of the convention.

3.
(woman)     Are you planning to go to college next year?
(man)            I’m really unsure about the idea.
(narrator)    What does the man mean?
(A)   He definitely wants to go to college.
(B)   He is certain about his plans.
(C)   He’s hesitant about attending college.
(D)   His idea is to go to college.

TOEFL Exercise 7: In this exercise, listen carefully to the short conversation and question on the tape, and then choose the best answer to the question. You should be  particularly be careful of negative expressions. (Perhatikan ungkapan-ungkapan negatif)
1.
(A) She is very busy.
(B) She has lots of free time.
(C) It is not necessary to take out the trash.
(D) She will do it if she has time.

2.
(A) The interview is very important.
(B) He is worried about the interview.
(C) What he's wearing to the interview is important
(D) He is not concerned about the interview.

3.
(A) He has almost all the notes.
(B) His attendance was perfect.
(C) He went to all lectures but one
(D) He missed more than one psychology class.

4.
(A) The passed the library at 06.00.
(B) The library opens at 06.00 in the summer.
(C) The library closes at 06.00
(D) You can't check out more than six books in the summer.

5.
(A) Water the plants once a day.
(B) Give the plants no more water.
(C) Water the plants often while the man is gone.
(D) Give the plants a limited amount of water.

6.
(A) The service satisfied her.
(B) The food was worse than the service.
(C) She thought the service was bad.
(D) Neither the food nor the service were satisfying.

7.
(A) He told his kids to leave.
(B) He seriously wanted the woman to go.
(C) He was joking when he told the woman to go.
(D) He left with the woman.

8.
(A) The project will take all their effort.
(B) They have no other work to do.
(C) It's impossible to finish.
(D) They aren't even close to finishing the project.

9.
(A) She doesn't mind an hour more.
(B) She'd rather stay more than an hour.
(C) It's better to stay than go.
(D) She prefers to leave.

10.
(A) The service at the hotel wasn't too good.
(B) This hotel gave excellent service.
(C) The service at the hotel could have been improved.
(D) This hotel's service was the same as the service at other hotels.

Di bawah ini kami cantumkan kunci jawaban dan recording script untuk Exercise / Latihan 7 dan TOEFL Exercise 7 / Latihan Soal TOEFL 7 untuk Tips Menjawab Soal Listening TOEFL Skill 7 (Perhatikan Siapa dan Apa dalam kalimat pasif) bersumber dari buku Longman Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test.

Kunci jawaban Exercise 7
1. C
2. A
3. C

TOEFL EXERCISE 7
1. 
(man) Are you going to take out the trash?
(woman) I have no time to do it.
(narrator) What does the woman mean?
(A) She is very busy.

2.
(woman) Are you worried about the interview?
(man) Its' unimportant to me.
(narrator) What does the man mean?
(D) He is not concerned about the interview.
3.      
(woman)  : Do you have all the notes for psychology 101?
(man) I didn't miss a single lecture.
(Narrator) What does the man mean?
(B) His attendance was perfect.

4.
(woman) Do you know the library's summer hours? I need to go there this evening.
(man) :It's never open past six in the summer.
(narrator) What does the man mean?

(C) The library closes at 06.00
5.
(woman) How often should I water the plants while you're gone.
(man) No more than once a week.
(narrator) What should the woman do? 

(D) Give the plants a limited amount of water.
6. 
(man) Did you enjoy your meal? That restaurant is very famous.
(woman) The food was good, but I was dissatisfied with the service.
(narrator) What does the woman mean?

(C) She thought the service was bad.


7. 
(woman) Do you think that Bob really wanted me to go home?
(man) He wasn't kidding when he told you to leave..
(narrator) What does the man say about Bob?

(B) He seriously wanted the woman to go.


8.
(woman) Can we finish this project before closing time.
(man) if we work on nothing else.
(narrator) What does the man mean?
(A) The project will take all their effort.
9. 
(man) Would you mind staying an hour more?
(woman) I'd rather not.
(narrator) What does the woman say about staying?

(D) She prefers to leave.

10. 
(woman) Would you recommend the hotel where you stayed in New York?
(man) The hotel provided service that was unequaled!
(narrator) What does the man say about the hotel?

(B) This hotel gave excellent service.

 
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