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Thursday, May 1, 2014

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Structure (Model Test 6)

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Structure (Model Test 6)

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Structure (Model Test 6)
TOEFL Structure
1. Among the 450 artworks in the White House art collection __
(A) as is Mary Cassatt’s Young Mother and Two Children
(B) is Mary Cassatt’s Young Mother and Two Children
(C) which is Mary Cassatt’s Young Mother and Two Children
(D) Mary Cassatt’s Young Mother and Two Children
Pembahasan Jawaban: Materi ini masuk dalam Inversion (pembalikan) ditandai dengan adanya 'place expression' di depan kalimat. Subject dari kalimat ialah 'Mary Cassatt’s Young Mother and Two Children'
Inversion --> Verb + Subject

2. An unconsolidated aggregate of silt particles is also termed silt, __ a consolidated aggregate is called siltstone.
(A) which
(B) why
(C) whereas
(D) whether
Pembahasan Jawaban: Dalam kalimat atas, terdapat dua clause. Clause 1 = 'An unconsolidated aggregate of silt particles is also termed silt'. Clause 2 'a consolidated aggregate is called siltstone'. Olehnya kita butuh 1 connector untuk mengubungkan dua clause. Pilihan B sudah jelas salah karena why bukanlah connector. Pilihan A salah karena 'which' merupakan connector yang digunakan dalam 'adjective clause'  yang menjelaskan noun. Jadi posisi 'which'  ketika digunakan untuk menghubungkan dua clause berada setelah noun yang dijelaskan. Pilihan D salah karena 'whether' masuk dalam 'noun clause' yang berposisi sebagai 'subject' atau 'object'.
2 Clause butuh 1 Connector; 3 Clause butuh 2 Connector

3. In 1864 the American Shakespearean actor Edwin Booth gained critical acclaim when he __ Hamlet at the Winter Garden Theater in New York City.
(A) perform
(B) performed
(C) had been performing
(D) having performed
Pembahasan Jawaban: Dalam kalimat atas, terdapat dua clause dan 1 connector 'when'. Clause 1 = 'the American Shakespearean actor Edwin Booth gained critical acclaim'. Clause 2 'he __ Hamlet at the Winter Garden Theater in New York City'. Clause 2 kehilangan verb olehnya kita butuh verb untuk melengkapinya. Pilihan yang benar ialah B karena waktu nya berbentuk past (in 1864).

4. -- are chiefly derived from petroleum.
(A) Plastics today
(B) There are plastics today
(C) Because today plastics today
(D) Due to plastics today
Pembahasan Jawaban: Yang dibutuhkan ialah subject kalimat

5. Most tangerine trees and their flowers and fruits resemble __ the orange, although tangerines are generally smaller.
(A) of those
(B) which of those
(C) those of
(D) which are of
Pembahasan Jawaban: 'resemble' ialah intransitive verb (kata kerja butuh object).
Jadi resemble langsung ketemu 'those' sebagai object.

6. Ohio, the center of __ the Hopewen culture, has the greatest concentration of ancient burial mounds in the United States.
(A) called
(B) what is called
(C) that is called
(D) is called
Pembahasan Jawaban: setelah 'of' mesti noun. 'what is called' meruapakan noun clause.

7. __, such as jazz, are often played from memory rather than from a written score.
(A) Of some types music
(B) Music some of types
(C) Some types of music
(D) Types of music some
Pembahasan Jawaban: yang dibutuhkan ialah subject kalimat

8. During the 1850’, reform movements __ temperance and the abolition of slavery gained strength in the United States.
(A) advocating
(B) they had advocated
(C) to advocating
(D) to advocate when
Pembahasan Jawaban: 'advocating temperance and the abolition of slavery' merupaka adjective yang menjelaskan / memberi informasi tambahan terkait 'reform movements'.


9. Many meteorites are thought to have originated from __ that once existed between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
(A) where a planet or planets
(B) a planet or planets so
(C) which a planet or planets
(D) a planet or planets
Pembahasan Jawaban: 'that once existed between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter' merupakan adjective clause yang menandakan adanya noun yang dijelaskan sebelumnya.

10.The modem automobile is a __ composed of more than 14,000 parts.
(A) complex technical system
(B) system of complex technical
(C) complex technical system that
(D) system is technically complex
Pembahasan Jawaban: article 'a' menandakan adanya noun setelahnya. Selain itu 'composed of more than 14,000 parts' merupakan adjective yang menandakan adanya noun debelumnya.

11. __ over 100 years since the invention of the square-bottomed paper bag.
(A) Now is
(B) Now it has
(C) There is now
(D) It is now
Pembahasan Jawaban: Yang dibutuhkan ialah subject dan verb. dari pilihan jawaban yang paling sesuai dg kalimat ialaha 'It is now'.

12.The novelist John Dos Passos developed a style of fiction incorporating several documentary devices __ to his works.
(A) lent realism
(B) that lending realism
(C) to lend realism
(D) of whose realism lent
Pembahasan Jawaban: developed + to lend
Verb + to + verb
Verb + gerund (verb ing)

13. In Earth’s infancy, its surface was warm enough for life __ the young Sun was fainter than it is today.
(A) in spite of
(B) whether
(C) neither of which
(D) even though
Pembahasan Jawaban: yang dibutuhkan ialah connector untuk menghuungkan dua clause di atas. Pilihan A sudah jelas salah karena 'in spite of' merupakan preposition bukan connector. Pilihan B salah karena 'whether' berposisi sebagain noun: subject dan object. Pilihan C salah karena 'neither of which' masuk dalam kategori adjective clause yaitu menjelaskan noun setelahnya. Seteah neither of which pun langsung ketemu verb yg berarti tida sesuai dnegan kalimat.
Pilihan D benar. Materi ini masuk dalam kategori 'Adverb Clause'.

14. The invention of the compound microscope (which allowed much higher magnification through multiple lenses) made __ the great strides in life sciences.
(A) it possible
(B) possibly
(C) possible
(D) it was possible
Pembahasan Jawaban: Make + possible + sth (noun)

15. Hares generally have longer ears and hind legs than rabbits and move by jumping __ running
(A) rather to be
(B) rather than
(C) are rather
(D) as rather
Pembahasan Jawaban: rather than = (dibanding). Digunakan untuk perbandingan

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