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Sunday, April 27, 2014

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Written Expression (Model Test 1 by Kaplan)

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Written Expression (Model Test 1 by Kaplan)

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Written Expression (Model Test 1 by Kaplan)
Kaplan TOEFL

16. The dwarf lemon tree, grown in many areas of the world, bears fruit when it is fewer than six inches in high.
Pembahasan Jawaban: high --> height
The Pattern: Preposition + Noun

17. The brain is composed of a mass of softly gray matter in the skull that controls our intelligence.
Pembahasan Jawaban: softly --> soft
The Pattern: Adverb + Adjective + Noun

18. Polluter is a topic of such importance today that even elementary school children are well informed about its dangers.
Pembahasan Jawaban: polluter --> pollution

19. Best represented in a famous oil painting by da Vinci, The Last Supper it is an important part of the history of Christianity.
Pembahasan Jawaban: it --> dihilangkan
The Pattern: Subject + Verb ----> Subject + it + Verb (Double Subjects)

20. Together with his friend Little John, Robin Hood are fondly remembered today by millions of people.
Pembahasan Jawaban: are --> is
The Pattern: Singular Subject + Singular Verb

21. In Vermont, the sap the maple tree is the primary ingredient in producing maple syrup.
Pembahasan Jawaban: the sap the maple tree --> the sap of the maple tree

22. After to have won the 1945 Pulitzer Prize for A Bell for Adano, John Hersey wrote a nonfiction book about the bombing of Japan.
Pembahasan Jawaban: to have --> having
The Pattern: After + Verb-ing

23. The smallest hummingbirds beat their wings 70 times a second and are about two inched long.
Pembahasan Jawaban: two inched long --> two inches long

24. Quality, price, and located are often considered to be the primary concerns in buying a house.
Pembahasan Jawaban: located --> location
The Pattern: Noun + Noun + Noun (Parallel Structure)

25. The name "America" comes of Amerigo Vespucci, who was a 16th-century Italian explorer.
Pembahasan Jawaban: comes of --> comes from atau came from
The Pattern: come + from

26. Marie Curie won two Nobel Prizes for their discoveries of radioactivity and radioactive elements.
Pembahasan Jawaban: their --> her

27. The developing of the submarine was hindered by the lack of a power source that could propel an underwater vessel.
Pembahasan Jawaban: developing --> development

28. Although humans have highly developed brains, most animals have more acute senses than them.
Pembahasan Jawaban: than them --> than theirs

29. The movement of the stars was first noticed by early travelers, who used the stars to guide its way across the sea.
Pembahasan Jawaban: its --> their

30. Those who have seen what is believed to be Noah's Ark say it is the largest than a modern battleship.
Pembahasan Jawaban: largest than --> larger than
The pattern:
- larger + than (more / ... er + than)
- the largest + in / of / that (the most / the ... est + in / of/ that)

31. It is implicit in the Constitution of the United States that everyone has a right to their privacy.
Pembahasan Jawaban: their --> his

32. Although scientists have been successful about finding treatments for cancer, they haven't yet discovered a cure.
Pembahasan Jawaban: successful about finding -->  successful in finding
The pattern: successful + about

33. In the 18th century, standard college curricula included a heavy emphasis on classical, mathematics, and religion.
Pembahasan Jawaban: classical --> classic
The pattern: Noun + Noun + Noun (Parallel Structure)

34. As the numbered of nonnative speakers rises, the demand for teachers of English as a second language increases.
Pembahasan Jawaban: numbered ---> number
The pattern: the number of

35. There is much bird migration above the equator, where the Pole Star can be seen, than below the equator, where it cannot be seen.
Pembahasan Jawaban: much --> a

36. Although most people believe that diamonds are the costliest gems, emeralds are actually the valuablest.
Pembahasan Jawaban: the valuablest --> the most valuable

37. In the summer, An Arbor, along with Ypsilanti, Saline, and Pontiac, are flooded with runaways fleeing the boredom of their lives in Cincinnati and its suburbs.
Pembahasan Jawaban: are --> is
The pattern: singular subject + plural verb

38. A recent article in The New York Times reported that the typical business graduate of 1990 is less likely to be willing to work long hours for the sake of advancement than their 1970 counterparts.
Pembahasan Jawaban: their --> its

39. The dietary habits of a given child often has little to do with that child's eating habits as an adult.
Pembahasan Jawaban: has --> have
The pattern: singular subject + plural verb

40. One of the claims made against science is that data are often manipulated to prove a scientist's thesis, rather than studying it for possible contradictions.
Pembahasan Jawaban: studying it --> to study

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