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Thursday, April 24, 2014

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Written Expression (Complete Test 2 by Longman)

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Written Expression (Complete Test 2 by Longman)

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Written Expression (Complete Test 2 by Longman)
Longman Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test

16. Mosquitoes will accepts the malaria parasite at only one stage of the parasite's complex life cycle.
Pembahasan Jawaban: accepts --> accept
Modal + Verb 1 murni tanpa embel-embel

17. The counterpart of a negative electrons is the positive proton.
Pembahasan Jawaban: electrons --> electron
Terdapat preposition (a) yang mendandakan electron tunggal

18. Alexander Hamilton's advocacy of a strong national government brought he into bitter conflict Thomas Jefferson.
Pembahasan Jawaban: he --> him
Verb + object: object dari he ialah him

19.There are more than eighty-four million specimens in the National Museum of Natural History's collection of biological, geological, archaeological, and anthropology treasures.
Pembahasan Jawaban: anthropology (noun)  --> anthropological (adjective)
Parallel Structure: biological (adjective), geological (adjective), archaeological (adjective), and anthropological (adjective)

20. After George Washington married widow Martha Custis, the couple comes to reside at Mount Vernon.
Pembahasan Jawaban: comes --> came
Bentuk kalimat di atas adalah lampau (past). Dapat diketahui dari phrase "After George Washington married widow Martha Custis"

21. At this stage in their development, rubberized asphalt can hardly be classified as cutting edge.
Pembahasan Jawaban: their --> its
Pronoun Reference: its kembali ke kata asphalt

22. Rhesus monkeys exhibit patterns of shyness similar to that in humans.
Pembahasan Jawaban: that (singular) --> those (plural)
Comparative Degree: Yang dibandingkan ialah patterns (plural).

23. In space, with no gravity for muscles to work against, the body becomes weakly.
Pembahasan Jawaban: weakly --> weak
Become + adjective. Contoh lain dari kata kerja befungsi sama dengan become ialah seem, look, dan lain-lain.

24. Fort Jefferson, in the Dry Tortugas off the southern tip to Florida, can be reach only by boat or plane.
Pembahasan Jawaban: reach --> reached
Modal + be + Verb III

25. Quarter horses were developed in the eighteenth-century Virginia to race on courses short of about a quarter of a mile in length.
Pembahasan Jawaban: courses short --> short courses
Noun Phrase: Adjetive + Noun jangan dibalik

26. Supersonic flight is flight that is faster the speed of sound.
Pembahasan Jawaban: faster --> faster than
Comparative Degree

27. Since the dawn of agriculture 9,000 years ago, only a few animal species had been domesticated.
Pembahasan Jawaban: had been --> have been
Tense: Waktu yang dimaksud ialah sampai sekarang.

28. The Betataken House Ruins at Navajo National Monument is among the largest and most elaborate cliff dwellings in the country
Pembahasan Jawaban: is (singular) --> are (plural)
Subject dari kalimat ialah The Betataken House Ruins berbentuk plural, jadi butuh verb yang berbentuk plural pula.

29. The island of Kauai has much streams, some of which have worn deep canyons into the rock.
Pembahasan Jawaban: much --> many
Much + uncountable noun (tidak ada tambahan -s)
Many + countable noun (terdapat tambahan -s sebagai bentul plural)

30. It is a common observation that liquids will soak through some materials but not through other.
Pembahasan Jawaban: other --> others
other kembali ke other materials (plural)

31. Surrounded by forested mountain slopes are the town of Telluride, a former gold-mining town 7,500 feet about sea level.
Pembahasan Jawaban: slopes are --> slopes is
Inversion: Subject dari kalimat ialah the town of Telluride yang berbentuk singular jadi butuh verb yang singular pula

32. The newsreels of Hearst Metronome News, which formed part of every moviegoer's experience in the era before television, offer an unique record of the events of the 1930s. 
Pembahasan Jawaban: an unique --> a unique
It should be very easy :)

33. Probably the best known of all dinosaurs, the Tyrannosaurus was larger and last of the meat-eating carnosaurs.
Pembahasan Jawaban: larger --> the largest 
Superlative Degree: Perbandingan lebih dari 2 hal.

34. Unlikely gas sport balloons, hot air balloons do not have nets
Pembahasan Jawaban: unlikely --> unlike
Unlike berfungsi sebagai adverb

35. Born in Massachusetts in 1852, Albert Farbanks has begun making banjos in Boston in the late 1870s.
Pembahasan Jawaban: has begun (present) --> began (past)
Tense: in the late 1870s menandakan kalimat di atas berbentu lampau (past)

36. Methane in wetlands comes from soil bacteria that consumes organic plant matter.
Pembahasan Jawaban: consumes --> consume 
Bacteria ialah bentuk plural dari bacterium

37. Alois Alzheimer made the first observers of the telltale signs of the disease that today bears his name
Pembahasan Jawaban: observers --> observation
Pemilihan kata: yang dimaksud adalah observasi bukan obserever

38. Edward MacDowell remembers as the composer of such perennial favorites as "To a Wild Rose" and "To a Water Lily."
Pembahasan Jawaban: remembers --> is remembered
Edward MacDowell is remembered (dikenang / dikenal)

39. Animism is the belief that objects and natural phenomena such as rivers, rocks, and wind are live and have feelings
Pembahasan Jawaban: are live --> are alive
are + adjective (alive) bukan verb (live)

40. Newtonian physics accounts from the observation of the orbits of the planets and the moons. 
Pembahasan Jawaban: from --> for
Pasangan Phrase: accounts + for 

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