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Sunday, March 23, 2014

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Structure (Model Test 3)

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Structure (Model Test 3)

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban (Structure Model Test 3)
Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban 

1. The ancestors of the horse lived ..... and were about half a meter tall.
(A) years ago 60 million
(B) 60 million years ago
(C) ago 60 million years
(D) million years ago 60
2. The museum on Ellis Island, a former immigration station, contains documents and artifacts......to four centuries of United States immigration.
(A) related them
(B) related
(C) related that
(D) be related
3. _________, particularly the oxides of sulfur, greatly increases the rate at which rust forms.
(A) The presence of air pollutants
(B) Air pollutants are present
(C) Because the presence of air pollutants
(D) Air pollutants whose presence
4. The Sun, the Moon, and Earth have magnetic fields, and _________ evidence that the stellar that extend through vast regions galaxies have fields of space.
(A) which is
(B) is
(C) because
(D) There is
5. The “confederation school” poets of nineteenth-century Canada were primarily nature poets, _________ a wealth of eulogies to Canadian rural life.
(A) and producing
(B) who they produced
(C) producing
(D) whose production of
6. Since prehistoric people first applied natural pigments to cave walls, ______ have painted to express themselves.
(A) when artists
(B) artists
(C) artists who
(D) that artists
7. About 42 million bushels of oats are used annually ______ manufacture of breakfast foods in the United States.
(A) the
(B) is the
(C) in the
(D) to
8. Any acid can, in principle, neutralize any base, although ______ between some of the more reactive compounds.
(A) side reactions can occur
(B) the occurrence of side reactions can
(C) can side reactions occur
(D) side reactions that can occur
9. Just over two-thirds of Earth’s surface is covered by water, ...... more than 98 percent of this water is contained in the oceans.
(A) with
(B) which
(C) and
(D) resulting
10. Pleasing to look at and touch, beads come in shapes, colors, and materials .......to handle and to sort them.
(A) that almost compel one
(B) one compels
(C) that compel almost
(D) one is almost compelled
11. In 1978 the united States National Air and Space Administration selected Sally Ride.......the first woman astronaut.
(A) who being
(B) to be
(C) and being
(D) was
 12. Adhesions are ....... formed within the body in response to inflammation or injury.
(A) that thin bands of scar tissue
(B) they thin bands of scar tissue when
(C) thin bands of scar tissue
(D) thin bands of scar tissue able to
13. The planet Neptune is about 30 times ...... from the Sun as Earth is.
(A) far
(B) as far
(C) more far
(D) far that
14. Not until the 1850's ...... a few public-spirited citizens and state legislatures seek to rescue historic buildings in the United States from destruction or alteration.
(A) both
(B) came
(C) did
(D) when
15. ...... 200 bones forming the framework, or skeleton, of the human body.
(A) Being over
(B) There are over
(C) Where over
(D) Over

Pembahasan Jawaban

Number 1: (B) 60 million years ago
-----------> the simple one: 3 years ago.

Number 2: (B) related
-----------> artifacts related to four centuries of United States immigration.
-----------> REDUCTION IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSE: artifacts (THAT ARE) related to four centuries of United States immigration.

Number 3: (A) The presence of air pollutants
------------> MISSING SUBJECT

Number 4: (D) there is
------------> 3 CLAUSES
The Sun, the Moon, and Earth have magnetic fields.
There is evidence that the stellar have fields of space.
The stellar that extend through vast regions galaxies (Dependent clause: adjective clause).

Number 5: (C) producing
------------> REDUCTION IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSE
------------> nature poets, producing a wealth of eulogies to Canadian rural life.
------------> nature poets, who produced a wealth of eulogies to Canadian rural life

6. (B) artists
---> The sentence needs A SUBJECT

7. (C) in the
--> SUBJECT: About 42 million bushels of oats
--> VERB: are used
--> ADVERB: annually
--> ADVERB: in the manufacture of breakfast foods in the United States.

8. (A) side reactions can occur
--> The sentence requires a SUBJECT + VERB

Number 9: (C) and
----------> 2 clauses NEEDS a connector.

Number 10: (A) that almost compel one
----------> ADJECTIVE CLAUSE

Number 11: (B) to be
----------> INFINITIVE VS Gerund

Number 12: (C) thin bands of scar tissue
-----------> MISSING COMPLEMENT

Number 13: (B) as far
------------> as + adjective/adverb + as

Number 14: (C) did
------------> Inversion

Number 15: (B) There are over
------------> The sentence requires a SUBJECT + VERB

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